Watch Your First Step!
Devuan was born out of a controversy over the decision to use systemd as the default init system for Debian. The official Debian position on systemd is full of claims that others have debunked.
While Debian claims that “Systemd is becoming the de facto standard init system for Linux”, a number of GNU/Linux distributions, some new, beg to differ. While Debian claims that “It is better than existing alternatives for all of Debian’s current use cases”, these rebel GNU/Linux distributions refuse this one-size-fits-all vision of the *nix world that breaks portability, ignores backwards compatibility, and replaces existing services, forcing systemd into adoption.
Init Freedom is about restoring a sane approach to
PID1, one that
respects diversity and freedom of choice.
Although it’s true the venerable
sysvinit has flaws that should be
addressed in some way, systemd supporters wrongly claim that “systemd is
overwhelmingly better than any existing alternative anywhere the
technical architecture is involved.” The Init Freedom (IF) Campaign is
here to disprove that claim.
Alternate Init Systems
The following init systems are being considered for inclusion in Devuan:
openrc(now available in ASCII)
Each of them is a portable, compatible, small, fast, and
secure alternative to systemd. None of them was considered by
Debian as a replacement for
sysvinit: instead they chose between
upstart, leaving the best options, in our
opinion, off the table.
GNU/Linux Distributions without systemd
- Devuan uses
- Dragora uses
- Gentoo uses
openrc(see Gentoo without systemd)
- Obarun uses
s6 supervision suite
- Slackware uses
- Stali, the static Linux, uses
- Void Linux uses
- Hyperbola uses
- Artix offers
Systems with systemd by default
- Parabola GNU/Linux also offers
openrcas an alternative init.
Other Free Unices Without systemd
One of the critical reasons against systemd concerns the lack of portability to other Unices, and the associated risk to see Linux-based systems detach from the UNIX world. OpenBSD, FreeBSD and other BSD OSes are de facto incompatible with systemd, or rather, systemd is incompatible with Unices not running Linux.
Alternate Device Managers
udev is an integral part of systemd, running a device manager
without it became impossible. Just kidding: you can run the following:
eudevis a fork of
udevto remove systemd dependency and make it compatible with an existing environment (including, existing properly running scripts deemed outdated by systemd and therefore assimilated—like: digested, some parts are missing).
eudevis now the default device manager in Devuan ASCII.
- mdev, the device manager of BusyBox.
- Jude Nelson’s vdev is still under development.