Devuan GNU+Linux is a free software operating system for your computer. Free software means you are free to use, copy and distribute, study, change the software, and share your modifications with the community.


Devuan Graphical Install Guide

This is an easy to follow guide to installing Devuan from the CD/DVD images for supported hardware. The general advice accompanying this guide is that you should always backup your data before you begin.

Contents

Devuan 2.1 ASCII Release Notes
Prerequisites
Supported architectures
Installation images
Installing Devuan

Prerequisites

At minimum you should know how to write an ISO image to CD/DVD or USB, and make your computer boot from it. For those already using GNU/Linux or similar we can cover the steps for that.

Supported architectures

Installation images

These are currently the ways of getting installation images. Please use mirrors or torrents where possible.

If you have access to the Internet you can use the `*_netinst.iso` which will install a base system then download the remaining packages during the installation process.

Choose the single `*_dvd-1.iso` if there is no network available and/or a need for multiple offline installations. The image contains several desktop choices and additional software options.

Installing Devuan

This is an easy to follow guide to installing Devuan from the CD/DVD images for supported hardware. The general advice accompanying this guide is that you should always backup your data before you begin.

Now we will show you how to use the graphical installer and guide you through the process. This will be suitable if you are new to Devuan or GNU/Linux in general.

If you would like to select an alternate bootloader (lilo) or exclude non-free firmware, you must select one of the Expert install options.

1) Boot from the CD/DVD or USB drive and choose the Graphical install option.

Devuan install first boot

2) The next few steps will ask about your language, location and keyboard layout.

Keyboard layout

3) The installer will automatically configure the network.Wireless network users will have to provide an SSID and passphrase. You will then be asked to choose a hostname for your new system. By all means get creative but remember not to use any spaces or special characters.

Machine host name

4) You will also be asked to provide a domain name. If you don't need this or don't know what it is for, you should leave it blank.

Domain name

5) It's recommended that you set a root password for Devuan. It's good security practice to use a strong password. You will have to type your password again to make sure that you've set it correctly.

Root password

6) You will now be asked to configure a user account, which you should do in most cases. Unless there is a need to do otherwise, leave your full name blank and continue to providing a username.

User name

7) You will need to enter a password and type it again as you did before for root.

User password

8) The installer will now set the clock using NTP. Enter your time zone information, and continue with the install.

Configure the clock

9) Before you can install Devuan the disk needs to be partitioned. If it's available as an option, choosing to use the largest continuous space is recommended. This will preserve existing partitions and not alter them. Otherwise you should use the whole disk if you have no data you need to save.

If you need full disk encryption see HERE before continuing.  

Use largest space

10) Choosing all files in one partition is a sensible option for newcomers. Manual disk partitioning is beyond the scope of this guide.

All files in one partition

11) It's time to write those partitions to the disk and format them with file systems. If you are happy with the changes choose write to disk and continue. You will need to confirm this before the changes are made.

Write changes to disk

12) The base system will now install. Depending on your hardware this may take some time.

Waiting for the base system install

13) Next the installer asks to scan more CDs, if any.

Scan CDs

14) If you are installing from CD or DVD, the installer will now ask if you want to choose a network mirror or if you want to continue installing off-line. If you have network access this is recommended because you will have access to the latest versions of packages.

Use a network mirror

15) You can now select a Devuan archive mirror. You should choose "deb.devuan.org" unless there is a country code-based mirror available that serves you better. See https://pkgmaster.devuan.org/mirror_list.txt

Use a network mirror

16) Devuan can use popularity contest (popcon) to collect information about the most used packages. This is purely on an opt-in basis and will only collect statistics about packages that are installed from this point onwards.

Popularity contest

17) Then the installer asks you to select the initial software set up. A server system might only be "SSH server" while a desktop would be set up as a "Devuan desktop environment" and your DE of choice such as "Xfce". It's always good to include the "standard system utilities".

Software selection

18) Next you will be asked to choose your preferred init system and then confirm that choice.

Init choice

19) The installer will now install the packages you selected. This will take a little time.

Installing software

20) Now that all the sofware you need is installed, the GRUB bootloader will be installed. This allows the operating system to boot after installation. If you are asked to install to the MBR then you should usually do this.

Some setups will require no configuration and the install will now finish.

Installing the grub boot loader

21) It's important to choose the correct bootloader location. It should not be installed to a partition, but to the MBR area which is located on the hard disk.

In this case /dev/sda is the only hard disk so we will install it there.

Choose bootloader location

22) The install is finished, remove your installation media to continue to boot in to the Devuan graphical environment.

Finish the install

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